Publication policies
Publishing Ethics Statements
Time:2022-09-28 Source:YiNanBing ZaZhi

Publishing Ethics Statements

Chinese Journal of Difficult and Complicated Casesadheres to the accepted code of publishing ethics and firmly opposes any form of academic misconduct. Authors who submit articles to the journal should affirm that manuscript are original. They should also ensure that their article has not been published in any language, in part or in whole, elsewhere and has not been reviewed anywhere for the purpose of publication.

    In order to further standardize the behavior of all participants in the process of publishing journal academic papers and promote the construction of scientific research integrity and academic ethics, according to the "Ethics Code of Science and Technology Journal Publishing" compiled by China Association of Science and Technology in September 2019, referring to the mature publishing ethics codes at home and abroad, and combined with the actual situation of this journal, the following publishing ethics codes are formulated, and should be supervised by the academic community and the whole society.


Ethics for authors and academic malpractice statement


1.The author shall be responsible for the authenticity of the paper, and shall be responsible for cooperating with the editorial department to provide proof materials such as original pictures, original data, fund project assignment and project name.

2. The author needs to attach a letter of introduction from your unit when submitting the manuscript. In addition to proving the authenticity of the content (the data and author information), the letter should also prove that the manuscript has not been submitted to other journal ,does not involve confidentiality issues, and the signature is not controversial ,at the same time the author should submit the “Authorization of the exclusive right to use papers” with signatures of all authors.  

3. The author should actively resist academic malpractice and abide by the principle of "five Prohibitions": no third party is allowed to write the paper; no third party is allowed to modify the paper content; do not provide false peer reviewer information; do not violate the paper signature specification, and resolutely resist unsubstantial academic contributors to sign the paper.

4. Signed authors are substantial contributors to the paper, including ① contributors to the research ideas or design; or those who acquire , analyze or interpret the research data; ② those who draft research paper or modify the paper on important intellectual content; ③those who finalized the version to be published; ④the one who agrees to be responsible for all aspects of the research to ensure that issues related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the paper are properly investigated and addressed. Those who do not meet all four criteria (such as technical assistance for the paper, or financial and material funders) should not be listed as authors, but can be thanked in gratitude.

5. In principle, the author's signature should be sorted according to the contribution, which shall be jointly agreed by all authors and determined at the time of submission. The signature of the author and the unit shall not be changed. If it is really necessary to change, main persons in charge of the paper (the first author and the corresponding author) shall submit a written application for change to the editorial department, stating the reasons .The application shall be signed and approved by all the authors and it shall not be changed in the revised manuscript without authorization.

6. Generally, only one corresponding author can be labeled .If it is a standard multicenter or multidisciplinary collaborative study, more than one corresponding author may be added as appropriate .The added corresponding authors should be the academic responsible person of different research institutions or different research groups of the collaborative study.

7. Authors with equal contribution should be indicated at the time of submission. There are generally no more than two equivalent contributors. If it is a standard multicenter or multidisciplinary collaborative research and the number of authors with equal contribution does is more than two, it may be added as appropriate. The added equivalent contributors should be from different research institutions or different research groups of the collaborative study.

8. The author should specify the author's name and unit when submitting the article .Author's unit should be related to the research content of the paper, and if not, the author should explain his or her contribution to the study or the author's unit should proof that the author did engaged in the study.

9. If the institutional units that the author belongs to are inconsistent with the institutions where the authors complete topic selection, research program design, research work or the institutions provide research conditions ( such as graduate students leave the training unit, refresher students, visiting scholars, cooperative research, etc. ), the institutions that provide research conditions and the institutions where the author complete research work are the first signatory units.

10. The authors of clinical research papers should follow the relevant guidelines (such as RCT report code ——CONSORT guidelines, non-randomized control trial report code —— TREND, observational study report code ——STROBE, diagnostic accuracy study report code —— STARD, etc.).

11 Clinical trial papers should follow the "favorable" and "non-harm principles" of bioethics. For clinical trials involving human body and some animal experiments, the authors should provide ethical review documents of the research protocol, and sign informed consent for the patients(subjects) involved.

12. When involving clinical trial research (randomized controlled study, cohort study, case-control study, case reports, on human or from human specimens, psychology and social medicine research including questionnaire, etc.), in principle, the author should be registered in WHO international clinical trial registry, and mark the clinical trial registration number in the paper.

13. The author shall take various preventive measures to protect the privacy of the study subjects, and the paper shall not involve personal identifiable information such as patient name and hospitalization ID number, etc. For medical studies using identifying human materials or data, subject consent must be obtained in accordance with the formal procedure, and the identifying parts (especially the face) should be blocked in paper as possible.

14. The author should declare whether there is a conflict of interest when submitting the paper. If there is a conflict of interest, all financial benefits that may affect the research findings should be stated (whether the research has a commercial interest with the pharmaceutical company; whether it provides any financial sponsorship for experimental design and implementation, data processing, article writing and publication, etc.).

15. If the author has any objection to the review opinions and review results, he or she may submit a written statement to the editorial department, and make detailed explanations and explanations for each review opinion.


Ethics for reviewers


1. The review experts should adhere to the principles of fairness, justice, confidentiality and timeliness to make responsible review opinions on the manuscript. They shall not prejudice or discriminate against the author's scientific research institutions, regions, qualifications and ethnic groups, and shall not divulge the author's research contents.

2. When there is a conflict of interest between the reviewer and the author (such as kinship relationship, teacher-student relationship, alumni relationship, colleague relationship, competition relationship), in order to ensure the fairness of the review, the reviewer shall timely declare the conflict of interest to the editorial department, and the editorial department shall decide whether to avoid it.

3. When the reviewers find that the author is engaged in a research similar to themselves, they shall not use the review to suppress or belittle the author's paper.

4. The reviewers should review the manuscript in time according to the agreement. If the review cannot return on time, they should timely inform the editorial department and withdraw the review, and can recommend the reviewer. Without the consent of the editorial department, the reviewers shall not entrust their students and colleagues to review.

5. When encountering the manuscripts that have been reviewed, the reviewers have the obligation to report the situation to the editorial department, and fill in the review opinions according to the inclusion standards of the journal.


 Ethics for editors


1. The editor shall handle each manuscript in a fair, just and timely manner, and make a decision to accept or reject the manuscript according to the importance, originality, scientificalness, readability, authenticity of the research and its relevance to the journal.

2. Editors shall abide by the principle of confidentiality, on the one hand, strictly keep the reviewer information; on the other hand, ensure the author's research content confidential.

3. Editors shall not be driven by interests to interfere in peer evaluation, and strive to ensure the independent review of peer experts to ensure the fairness and justice of peer review.

4. For the peer-reviewed experts recommended by the authors, the editor should verify whether the reviewer information is true, and decide whether to adopt the recommended reviewers based on the research field and expertise of the recommended review experts, and whether there is a conflict of interest with the authors. If the authors ask to avoid an expert to review their manuscript, and this request is reasonable, the editor should respect it.

5. When selecting paper review experts, editors should avoid the same unit as the author, and should not choose the signed author as the reviewer.

6. When the editor and the author have conflicts of interest (such as kinship, teachers and students, alumni, colleagues, and competition),the editor should avoid dealing with the manuscript.

7. Editors should treat complaints from authors carefully and organize group discussion or ask review experts to review them again.

8.Negative results obtained with scientifically rigorous studies should be considered for publication to avoid other scholars from repeating unnecessary studies.

9.Editors have the responsibility to avoid academic misconduct such as multiple submission in one draft and repeated publication, and to check the duplicate rate of the initial papers and papers to be published twice and review them twice.

10. The editor is obliged to remind the author of the copyright and intellectual property issues that may occur after the change of signature, unit and its order.

11. The editor shall provide the author with detailed reasons for revision or rejection.

12. Editors should respect the author's views and writing style, and all the key modifications related to academic views should be agreed with by the author.


Ethics for publishers


1. This journal follows the principle of first publication and only reports original research results. However, the journal can be published again conditionally: ①the journal is republished to readers in different regions in another language; ②the author must obtain the authorization from the first and the second journals. ③Time interval between secondary publication and first publication is at least 1 week④The second published journal shall indicate the name of the journal, page number, title and website of the original text.

2. If academic misconduct is found, this journal has the right to withdraw the manuscript and notify the unit of author and relevant journals for a finalized and accepted manuscript.

3. For the published paper ,if academic misconduct is found, the journal will withdraw it and publish a statement of withdrawal.

4. The journal should publish detailed guidelines (such as submission guidelines, writing guidelines, etc.) as required by the authors) ,and update them in time.

5. Journals should establish systems to manage the conflicts of interest of their editors, authors, reviewers, and editorial board members.



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